I have to take the great weight placed on autism with a grain of salt since I went to the same school as B. F. Skinner. Despite tremendous efforts on the part of Skinner's critics to vilify and debunk him, he success rate in curing severe autistic children, sometimes in a single day, is unmatched. Like Freud, Skinner described his future critics and their reactions to his practices in unflattering detail. In short, I was taught to believe that autism might be a genetic predisposition rather than a certainty. I have also had my suspicions that at least some autism might be from just different "wiring" rather than inferior capacities.
I teach people with autism / Aspergers at work and I don't think there is any "cure" as such, although there are some dietary adjustments that are supposed to help. There are a lot of myths and misunderstandings about the subject and also some interesting theories (like the "extreme male brain"). Of course, autism is a spectrum and many of us "typically neurologically developed" types can share the characteristics. I can certainly sympathise with the dislike AS people have for vacuous small talk and used to have "special interests" when younger (including a serious Tolkien obsession!). Your "different wiring" metaphor is spot on, there are some highly intelligent people on the spectrum (including, it seems likely, Einstein).
Sorry if that was a bit OT.