REH held a very dim view of Rome and the Romans from childhood on. He wasn't big on the Greeks of the "Classical" period either, although he admired the barbaric "Homeric" Greeks of Mykenaean times. Here 's an excerpt from a Howard letter to HP Lovecraft, ca. February, 1931...
"My antipathy for Rome is one of those things I can't explain myself. Certainly it isn't based on any early reading, because some of that consisted of MacCauley's Lays of Ancient Rome from which flag-waving lines I should have drawn some Roman patriotism, it seems. At an early age I memorized most of those verses, but in reciting, changed them to suit myself and substituted Celtic names for the Roman ones, and changed the settings from Italy to the British Isles! Always, when I've dreamed of Rome, or subconsciously thought of the empire, it has seemed to me like a symbol of slavery -- an iron spider, spreading webs of steel all over the world to choke the rivers with dams, fell the forests, strangle the plains with white roads and drive the free people into cage-like houses and towns."
~ Robert E. Howard ~
As for myself, I don't have a particular dog in the fight. The subject's too complex to put in black and white terms. Anyway, go ahead and cite instances from REH's yarns, poems or letters.
Credit for the creation of this thread should be given to Mr Rowe, who badgered me into it.